The city of Cape Town is located in the south-west part of the Republic of South Africa and belongs to the province, Western Cape. Cape Town is one of the three capital cities of South Africa, being the legislative capital, and is the second biggest city in the country. Cape Town is also referred to as the Mother City as it is the oldest city in South Africa and was founded in 1652.
Cape Town is best known for its location at the foot of the plateau-like Table Mountain, reaching a height of 1086 meters above sea-level. Table Mountain, along with mountain peaks and hills such as Signal Hill; Lion’s Head and Devil’s Peak, has become an unmistakable beacon and dominates the city’s skyline.
The city has a population of 3 740 025 people, according to the South African National Census of 2011, and has a population density of 1158 citizens per km². Cape Town is also known for its cultural diversity, but there are three main languages spoken in Cape Town, they are: Afrikaans (41, 4%); Xhosa (28, 7%) and English (27, 9%).
Since the Republic of South Africa’s first democratic election in 1994 the city has become one of the world’s most popular travel destinations. The Cape Peninsula tourist route, surrounding wine regions and abundant flora and fauna have made the city the main tourist destination in South Africa. The many local restaurants and shops in and around the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront also lure about 25 million tourists per year.
Cape Town, along with Johannesburg, is one of the two cultural capitals of South Africa and the Mother City has become the national leader in the field of the performing arts including theater, opera, musicals and music. The open-air theatre, Maynardville, focuses on plays by Shakespeare, while other smaller and independent theatres focus on less conventional, more controversial plays, as well as traditional English comedies.
Cape Town also offers many sight-seeing opportunities. A few examples are: Kirstenbosch, one of eight national botanical gardens; the South African National Art Museum; the Green Point lighthouse, which is the oldest lighthouse in the country and Robben Island, where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years.